Socio-economic Partnerships

This programme aims to lead and support other government departments in sector-specific  research and development, technology and directed human capital programmes.

It has three sub-programmes

1. Science and Technology for Economic Impact

 

2. Science and Technology for Social Impact

3. Science and Technology Investments

PROGRAMME 5: SOCIO-ECONOMIC INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS

  1. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS
  2. SECTOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PLANNING
  3. PRIVATE SECTOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TAX INCENTIVE PROMOTIONS

DIRECTORATE: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Science and Technology Indicators is part of the Chief Directorate: Science and Technology Investments of Programme 5: Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships.

The Directorate provides science, technology and innovation statistics, which are vital for understanding the functioning and performance of the National System of Innovation, and also serve as inputs for science, technology and innovation policy formulation and evaluation.

KEY INITIATIVES

Coordinating and managing the production of the National Research and Development Survey and Innovation Survey.

CONTACT PERSON

Ms Tshidi Mamogobo

Director: Science and Technology Indicators

012 843 6555

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RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS

National Survey of Research and Experimental Development

http://www.dst.gov.za/index.php/resource-center/rad-reports

http://www.hsrc.ac.za/en/departments/cestii/sa-national-survey-of-research-and-experimental-development

Innovation Survey

www.hsrc.ac.za/en/departments/cestii/innovation-survey

DIRECTORATE: SECTOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Sector Research and Development Planning forms part of the Chief Directorate: Science and Technology Investments of Programme 5: Socio-Economic Innovation Partnerships.

Its purpose is to monitor and support planning for public investment in research, science and technology in order to support economic growth and development, and to coordinate and facilitate science and technology cooperation between the Department of Science and Technology(DST) and other government departments, as well as to ensure that there is effective planning and efficient investment in respect of sector-specific technology, research and development.

KEY INITIATIVES

Reports on scientific and technological activities and RIMS

The Directorate is responsible for the reports on government-funded scientific and technological activities Report on Public Funding for Scientific and Technological Activities and supporting the Research Information Management System (RIMS) project. RIMS is a tool that is used to support statistical production on research performance at universities and science councils.The two initiatives continue to play a pivotal function in the DST's monitoring of the performance of the National System of Innovation.

Collaboration with other government departments

The Directorate facilitates science and technology collaboration agreements between the DST and other government departments to ensure that therethat there is effective planning and efficient investment in respect of sector-specific technology, research and development.

Extraction and manipulation of data

The Directorate undertakes the ad hoc extraction and manipulation of data as required for evaluations, and leads the production of relevant publications and policy briefs.

CONTACT PERSON

Mr Sandisa Siyengo

Director: Sector Research and Development Planning

012 843 6414

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DIRECTORATE: PRIVATE SECTOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TAX INCENTIVE PROMOTIONS

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Private Sector Research and Development Tax Incentive Promotions forms part of the Chief Directorate: Science and Technology Investments of Programme 5: Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships.

The purpose of the Directorate is to introduce and manage interventions and incentive programmes that increase the level of private-sector investment in research, development and innovation.

KEY INITIATIVES

Administration of the Research and Development Tax Incentive Programme under section 11D of the Income Tax Act, 1962 (Act No. 58 of 1962), with the purpose of stimulating innovation through scientific and technological research and development in South Africa. The legislation can be found at www.sars.gov.za or www.treasury.gov.za.

CONTACT PERSON

Mr. Strini Perumal

Deputy Director: Private Sector Research and Development Promotions 

012 843 6829

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FURTHER READING

Research and development Tax Incentive Programme

www.dst.gov.za/r-d

PROGRAMME 5: SOCIO-ECONOMIC INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS

  1. DIRECTORATE: ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES
  2. DIRECTORATE: MINING AND MINERALS PROCESSING
  3. DIRECTORATE: CHEMICAL AND RELATED INDUSTRIES

DIRECTORATE: ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Advanced Manufacturing Technologies is part of the Chief Directorate: Technology Localisation, Advanced Manufacturing and Beneficiation of Programme 5: Socio-Economic Innovation Partnerships.

The Directorate identifies and enhances high-potential research and development (R&D) capabilities and develops niche-areas in the South African manufacturing sector. The Directorate aims to develop an environment that will facilitate a move towards a manufacturing industry characterised by advanced technology and high-end human resources.

KEY INITIATIVES

Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Roadmap Project

The Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Roadmap Project (AMTRP) is intended to identify priority R&D investment areas in support of advanced manufacturing for the 2015/16-2024/25 fiscal period. The AMTRP will set out a coherent set of actionable plans associated with a prioritised suite of opportunities to contribute to South Africa's socio-economic imperatives of growth, employment and poverty alleviation in support of the Industrial Policy Action Plan, the New Growth Path and the National Development Plan.

The AMTRP stems from Programme 5's aim to enhance the economy using public sector R&D capabilities, natural resources, local markets, and solutions developed in response to South African challenges.

The priority technology areas identified in the AMTRP include the following:

  • Additive manufacturing.
  • Advanced fibre composites.
  • Affordable and smart automation.
  • Advanced electronics.
  • Advanced photonics.

The AMTRP will serve as a credible guide for informing public and private sector investment in advanced manufacturing R&D by supporting the country's manufacturing sector through a clear vision and considered strategic direction.

Additive manufacturing

An additive manufacturing (AM) technology roadmap for South Africa is currently being developed in order to identify appropriate research, development and innovation (RDI) and human capital development priorities, as well as to identify and quantify the potential of local and export markets for an AM-based industry. The roadmap will guide public and private sector investment in AM RDI in South Africa for the period 2014-2023.

The AM technology roadmap project identified the following initial key priority focus areas for AM technology development:

  • Development of AM processes/parts that meet the specifications of the medical and aerospace industries.
  • Development of AM for impact in the traditional manufacturing sectors.
  • New AM material and technology development.
  • Development of an AM-based small and medium enterprise industry in South Africa.

Advanced fibre composites

In the area of advanced fibre composites, the DST is helping to bridge the gap between the science and technology (S&T) base (researchers) and industry, with the aim of making a socio-economic impact that will demonstrate the value of S&T for industry development. To bridge the gap, researchers and industry need to take into account the interrelated elements of materials science, product design and processing/manufacturing. Industry forums and instruments such as incubators and demonstration facilities are also important for success.

Affordable and smart automation

In the area of automation, the DST aims to develop public sector R&D competencies further (this was a strong focus during the early days of the Advanced Manufacturing Technologies Strategy), to develop and demonstrate the promising emerging technologies identified in the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy, to make simple and affordable automation systems available (particularly to small and medium manufacturers), and to develop new technologies in the field of smart automation (including reconfigurable manufacturing systems) for use by the broader manufacturing industry.

Advanced electronics

In the area of advanced electronics (and electrical engineering), the DST is working to address the high-end-skill needs (systems, electronics and electrical engineering) of various subsectors (defence, communications, asset tracking and mining electronics)and to partner with the private sector (including multinational companies) and public institutions (science councils and universities) to use existing R&D competencies and leadership to unlock the latent potential of these sub-sectors.

Advanced photonics

Photonics R&D is currently supported by DST under the Emerging Research Areas theme. The DST has funded the development of this technology area since 2010, and has seen several promising breakthroughs, including the digital laser developed at the National Laser Centre at the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). The Directorate: Advanced Manufacturing Technologies intends to use the strong S&T base to support the commercialisation and industrialisation of advanced photonic technologies in the manufacturing sector. This will be done through applied photonics research and the mooted advanced photonics prototyping facility.

IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES

CSIR Strategic Initiatives Implementation Unit http://www.csir.co.za/sii/

CSIR National Laser Centre http://www.csir.co.za/lasers/

DST CONTACT PERSON

Mr Garth Williams

Director: Advanced Manufacturing Technologies

012 843 6435

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RELEVANT PRESS RELEASES

Technology roadmaps launched this week (17 Sept. 2004)

http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/print-version/technology-roadmaps-launched-this-week-2004-09-17

Projects of Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy showcased (2008)

http://www.csir.co.za/enews/2008_may/msm_04.html

Launch of the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy

http://www.polity.org.za/article/ngubane-launch-of-the-advanced-manufacturing-technology-strategy-29092003-2003-09-29

FURTHER READING

Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy (2002)

http://www.dst.gov.za/index.php/resource-center/strategies-and-reports/164-advanced-manufacturing-technology-strategy

 

DIRECTORATE: MINING AND MINERALS PROCESSING

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Mining and Minerals Processing provides science and technology policy, strategy and direction-setting support to harness value from South Africa's natural resources. The aim is to move away from a dependence on primary production into research and development-led growth of high-technology activities and industries. The Directorate: Mining and Minerals Processing has a vision for research and development-led industrialisation using South Africa's mineral resource base.

The broad purpose of the Directorate is to –

  • build strategic government partnerships and directed science, engineering and technology programmes for positive economic results within the minerals sector;
  • advance science, engineering and technology human capital development in this domain.

KEY INITIATIVES

Advanced Metals Initiative

The Advanced Metals Initiative (AMI), a flagship programme of the Department of Science and Technology, facilitates research, development and innovation across the whole value chain in the field of advanced metals. The programme was initiated by the various science councils involved, who approached the DST for funding. The main goal is to achieve optimal sustainable local manufacturing of value-added products through mineral beneficiation. Its objective is to increase the downstream value-addition of local advanced metals in a sustainable manner, through industry-relevant research and development, technology transfer and, ultimately, commercialisation.

Titanium Industry Development Programme

The country is committed to phasing in the development of this industry on the basis of new and more cost-effective primary titanium production technology. The development of the industry includes establishing the required infrastructure to support South Africa's entry into the titanium market and the commercialisation of existing technologies. In strategic analyses of South Africa's competitive position with regard to the establishment of an internationally competitive titanium industry, it was found that such an industry could be established if new technology was developed to give South Africa a substantial competitive advantage. The approach is therefore to develop technology to produce titanium metal powder that could be used directly to produce near-net-shape products or mill products.

Rock Innovation Programme

This programme was developed in conjunction with the Department of Mineral Resources, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the Council for Geoscience www.geoscience.org.za and Mintekwww.mintek.co.za. South Africa's geosciences and mining research and development (R&D) environment was investigated by the CSIR's Centre for Mining Innovation http://www.csir.co.za/mineral_resources/, and a subsequent programme was developed, which took into consideration South Africa's research needs, as well as the outcomes and recommendations proposed by various appropriate DST-funded studies. The implementation of a geosciences and mining R&D programme has value in that it provides the mechanisms for South Africa to leverage its mineral wealth strategically through the development priorities of human capital and economic growth, and through the potential impact that R&D outputs could have in enhancing the mineral value chain in the country. The overall value of such studies is the technical know-how to support a sustainable minerals sector in South Africa, and to improve its competitiveness.

South African Minerals to Metals Research Institute

A comprehensive industry survey has shown that the South African mineral processing industry is facing serious challenges, both in developing and implementing the technologies needed to sustain the industry and its significant contribution to the GDP and to human development, and in developing and retaining the skills needed to achieve this objective. In many countries around the world, mineral-related research facilities have closed in recent years and, with some exceptions, mineral-related research activities in South Africa have been in decline. The challenge created by this situation, however, provides an opportunity for South Africa to leapfrog into a new paradigm in which it recovers and strengthens its global leadership role in the area of minerals processing.

The South African Minerals to Metals Research Institute http://www.sammri.com/was established as a result of an initiative in 2009 by the group of founder member companies to establish a virtual national research institute, and to invite government, through the DST, to join industry in providing the impetus needed to develop the research activities required to address the challenges related to minerals processing in South Africa.

CONTACT PERSON

Mr Llanley Simpson

Director: Mining and Minerals Processing

+27 (0)12 843 6436

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DIRECTORATE: CHEMICAL AND RELATED INDUSTRIES

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Chemical and Related Industries falls under the Chief Directorate: Technology Localisation, Beneficiation and Advanced Manufacturing of Programme 5: Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships.

The purpose of the Directorate: Chemical and Related Industries is to promote research and development-led industrial development within the chemical industry as identified in the Chemical Sector Programme's chemical strategy, the Chemicals Sector Summit Agreement signed by the then Minister of Trade and Industry, Mr Mpahlwa in 2008, the Industrial Policy Action Plan, http://www.dti.gov.za/publications.jsp?year=&subthemeid and the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy. www.gov.za/documents/download.php?f=127106

KEY INITIATIVES

Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative

The Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative (FEI), driven by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and the Department of Trade and Industry, is aimed at developing South Africa's fluorochemical industry through increased local beneficiation of the country's fluorspar reserves. The FEI is aligned to broader national programmes, including the National Industry Policy Framework http://www.dti.gov.za/industrial_development/docs/NIPF_r2.pdf, the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Strategy and the Beneficiation Strategy for Minerals in South Africa www.gov.za/documents/download.php?f=147564

South Africa has the world's largest reserves of fluorspar (followed by Mexico and China), with estimated reserves of 41 million tons. Currently, the country supplies about 10% of the fluoride requirements for the global fluorochemicals industry, which is worth approximately US$16 billion per annum, but earns less than 0,5% of this revenue owing to the low levels of local beneficiation. The FEI attempts to address this through a dual strategy of intensive and focused technology development and commercialisation.

Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative Research and Development Programme

The key role players in the FEI Research and Development (R&D) Programme are the Department of Trade and Industry, the DST and Pelchem SOC Ltd. The main technology partners in the initiative are the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), the University of Pretoria (UP) and the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN). UP and UKZN host the DST-National Research Foundation South African Research Chairs Initiative in Fluoro-materials Science and Process Integration (Prof. Philip Crouse) http://web.up.ac.za/default.asp?ipkCategoryID=4840, and Fluorine Process Engineering and Separation Technology (Prof. Deresh Ramjugernath) http://research.ukzn.ac.za/SARChI-Chairs-ukzn/FluorineProcess.aspx.

The focus of the FEI R&D Programme's research activities is on fundamental research in developing novel technologies and new products, and on applied research to improve existing technologies and develop new applications for existing products. The main focus of Phase I of the R&D Programme was on widening the FEI technology base by developing skills and R&D infrastructure at two higher education institutions, namely, UKZN and the UP. In Phase II, in addition to continued fundamental research and skills development, the focus of the R&D Programme included improving existing technologies and converting FEI R&D outputs into commercial opportunities. Necsa's multipurpose fluorination pilot plant, funded by the DST, is being used to upscale some of the products developed at laboratory scale.

Multipurpose Fluorination Pilot Plant

The DSTprovided grant funding to Pelchem SOC Ltd to establish a multipurpose fluorination pilot plant (MFPP) at Necsa in 2010. An MFPP is considered an essential tool to enable the smooth transition between R&D and commercial operations, and will serve a multitude of purposes, all of which will greatly enhance the FEI.

The MFPP was constructed in four phases. Phase 1 involved building a direct fluorination facility designed to produce a range of perfluorinated alkane compounds, including specific fluoromonomers used in the production of modern fluoropolymers. In Phase 2, fluoropolymer production facilities targeting a range of fluoropolymers and co-polymers were established. Phase 3 established facilities for the production of various inorganic fluoride compounds, especially the metal fluorides. Phase 4 involved developing the facilities to enable the production of organic fluorides targeting specifically reagents used to produce active pharmaceutical ingredients.

 

The MFPP direct fluorination system is capable of producing a wide range of specialised organic fluorides chemical products. The patented technology was developed by Necsa (Pelchem).

Construction and commissioning of the first two phases of the pilot plant were completed in 2012. The then Deputy Minister of Science and Technology, Mr Derek Hanekom, launched Phases 1 and 2 of the MFPP on 17 July 2012.

Prof. Crouse, SARChI Chair inFluoro-materials Science and Process Integration at the University of Pretoria, and Derek Hanekom (Deputy Minister of Science and Technology at the time, and current Minister of Tourism) at the launch of Phases 1 and 2 of the MFPP at Necsa on 17 July 2012.

The last two phases were completed in September 2013 and the pilot plant was launched by Derek Hanekom, then Minister of Science and Technology, on 5 December 2013.

From left to right: Mr Imraan Patel (DDG: Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships at the DST), Dr Mochubela JacobSeekoe (Chairperson: Necsa Board of Directors), Dr Petro Terblanche (Managing Director: Pelchem SOC Ltd) and Derek Hanekom (Minister of Science and Technology at the time) at the launch of Phases 3 and 4 of the MFPP at Necsa.

Persistent Organic Pollutants skills development

According to South Africa's National Implementation Plan under the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants http://www.pops.int/documents/convtext/convtext_en.pdf, the DST awards postgraduate bursaries and/or scholarships aimed at building national capacity in Analytical Chemistry, with a particular focus on analysis of persistent organic pollutants. Postgraduate students at North-West University, Tshwane University of Technology and the University of the Witwatersrand were allocated bursaries in 2014.

IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES

FEI Project Management

Pelchem SOC Ltd http://www.pelchem.com/FEI.html

FEI Research

University of KwaZulu-Natal

University of Pretoria

Necsa

Persistent Organic PollutantsResearch

North-West University

Tshwane University of Technology

University of the Witwatersrand

CONTACT PERSON

Dr Mahlori Mashimbye

Director: Chemical and Related Industries

+27 (0)12 843 6546

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RELEVANT PRESS RELEASES

Necsa launches phases 3 and 4 of fluorochemical pilot plant(5 Dec. 2013)

http://m.engineeringnews.co.za/article/necsa-launches-phases-3-and-4-of-fluorochemical-pilot-plant-2013-12-05

Necsa launches Fluorochemical Expansion Initiative (24 March 2009)

http://www.researchchannel.co.za/print-version/necsa-launches-fluorochemical-expansion-initiative-2009-03-24

FURTHER READING

Address by former Minister of Science and Technology at the launch of the Multipurpose Fluorination Pilot Plant (17 July 2012) http://govza.gcis.gov.za/node/477790

PROGRAMME 5: SOCIO-ECONOMIC INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS

  1. TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS
  2. SUSTAINABLE HUMAN SETTLEMENTS

DIRECTORATE: TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Sustainable Livelihoods oversees the implementation of a portfolio of technology transfer pilot projects, with a bias towards rural areas and natural resource sectors (demonstration agronomy, aquaculture and agroprocessing), located in KwaZulu-Natal, the Eastern Cape, the Northern Cape, the Free State and Limpopo.

Sustainable Livelihoods aims to inform and influence the use of science and technology to achieve inclusive development, using knowledge products it creates from policy reviews and project information to support local innovation systems and small enterprise development.  It pilots the implementation of mature technologies that may serve the economic development interests of a community.  For example, projects to grow foods, essential oils and medicinal plants (demonstration agronomy) include people in isolated rural settlements and land reform areas in new value chains. The pilot projects also provide human capital and skills development.

KEY INITIATIVES

Innovation Partnership for Rural Development programme

Agricultural Promotion and Enhancement

The implementation of a portfolio of bioeconomy pilot projectsstarted, in earnest, in 2010. The portfolio was designed to include a wide range of agro-ecological zones (the west coast, south coast and east coast, inland areas, mountains, and semi-desert plains). The plant and fish species chosen for use at pilot projects are all in demand, most are indigenous, some are rare and slow growing, and a few are highly prized in nutrition/medicine.

In 2013, an important shift towards the agroprocessing of bulk locally grown fruit was made, growing capacity to provide incubation of agricultural small enterprises in an attempt to adopt a systemic approach to deploying science, technology and innovation.

In several instances, science councils took a conscious decision to promote the production of new species in a local economy. In other instances, the species were already well known and accepted as valuable production choices by the community. Projects are implemented in accordance with the relevant legal frameworks.

With the experience and information gathered over the past years, Sustainable Livelihoods plans to form new institutional arrangements to work with local economic development planners, financiers, grassroots innovators, local government and implementers, so that the potential of local/priority value chains can be unlocked by deploying science, technology and innovation.

IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES

  • Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

o   Enterprise Creation for Development

o   Biosciences

  • Agricultural Research Council

o   Vegetable and Ornamental Plant Institute

o   Institute for Soil, Climate and Water

o   Infruitec

  • Sasol ChemCity
  • Stellenbosch University

CONTACT PERSON

Ms Busisiwe Ntuli

Director: Technology for Sustainable Livelihoods

012 843 6429

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RELEVANT PRESS RELEASES

Engineering News article on essential oils project in the Eastern Cape (23 Sept. 2013)

http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/essential-oils-project-introduces-new-opportunities-for-eastern-cape-community-2013-09-23

African Centre for Gene Technologies

Botanical Supplies Unit and Clinical Supplies Unit

CSIR media release (March 2011)

The CSIR and Afriplex – partners in bringing health solutions

Media Club South Africa (11 March 2013)

Mozzie candle creates buzz

FURTHER READING

GCIS Bioeconomy Portfolio - Project Introduction

Science Direct enthnopharmacology article, Current perspectives on an emerging formal natural products sector in South Africa, published 28 October 2008.

University of Johannesburg

Indigenous Plant Use Forum

Water SA, 2007

African leafy vegetables in South Africa
 

DIRECTORATE: SUSTAINABLE HUMAN SETTLEMENTS 

The Directorate: Sustainable Human Settlements is part of the Chief Directorate: Innovation for Inclusive Development of Programme 5: Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships.

The purpose of the directorate is to use knowledge, evidence and learning to inform and influence government policy on human settlements and technology choices for the creation of sustainable human settlements.

KEY INITIATIVES

Innovation Partnership for Rural Development Programme

This Department of Science and Technology (DST) initiative is funded by the European Union's General Budget Support programme, through the National Treasury. It has demonstration projects in 27 priority district municipalities across the country. The projects all focus on the use of the latest appropriate technology to address the problems of South Africa's rural areas. Usually, the people in these areas are among the country's poorest and least advantaged citizens, often lacking the basic components of a dignified and healthy modern life such as potable water, effective sanitation and electricity. These projects all deal with water in various ways.

The DST, together with its implementing entities and project teams, in designing, adapting and implementing these projects, aims for social benefits beyond the provision of water, sanitation and electricity, and therefore considers, for example, each project's contribution to capacity building and to supporting SMEs and communities; the resolution of problems; the policy issues raised; the project's sustainability; and its potential for wider application.

Various technologies are currently being piloted.  These include the Corrective Action Requests Report System, which can be used by ordinary citizens to report incidents such as water leaks, water supply disruptions and water quality issues, so that problems can be dealt with before they escalate into major incidents.

Algae wastewater treatment technologies, a low-power solution to the wastewater problems of small rural towns, are also being piloted. Algal systems do not need highly qualified personnel to operate and maintain them. They use very little electricity and, by removing various substances from the effluent, contribute to maintaining the cleanliness of the river systems into which the effluent ultimately flows.

Another sanitation-related technology project involves low pour flush technology, which centres on the provision of decent toilets in rural areas without the waterborne sewage systems typical of better-off urban areas. The pit latrines generally used in such areas tend to smell and are visually unappealing; they fill relatively quickly; and they can be dangerous for small children. The low pour flush system addresses all these problems.

There is also a point-of-use water purification project, which promotes robust and easy-to-use domestic water filters as a solution to the health problems related to drinking water in rural areas, which is often drawn from rivers and other sources that may be polluted with pathogens.

It is difficult to provide remote rural areas with electricity from the national grid. The small-scale hydropower project is testing the use of small-scale hydroelectric plants in suitable locations, greatly improving the lives of local people and generating commercial opportunities for instance in tourism, which would otherwise be difficult to exploit. The DST is also piloting smart geysers, which harness modern digital technology to the patterns and requirements of a particular household, saving money and reducing the use of electricity.

Hydrogen fuel cells

The DST is funding a project at Poelano High School, near Ventersdorp in the North West, to demonstrate the technologies developed by the Hydrogen South Africa (HySA) centres of competence. The centres have jointly undertaken a project to develop a 2,5 kW off-grid primary power hydrogen fuel cell prototype for rural applications.

ICT-enabled agricultural extension and advisory services

The DST, the Agricultural Research Council (ARC) and the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries have been piloting a model for ICT-enabled extension and advisory services since 2014/15.  A pilot project to explore business opportunities for young unemployed agriculture graduates in the provision of extension services is under way using a mobile app developed by the ARC. The graduates act as brokers between knowledge producers (e.g. researchers) and users (farmers). The project currently supports approximately 560 farmers through the provision of technical know-how, market insights and research updates to inform their decisions.

Technology for rural education and development

The DST has for some years been collaborating with the Department of Basic Education on a programme to showcase the application of technology to support rural education in South Africa. The programme tests the extent to which new technologies and technologies that have been applied in other contexts may improve education in a rural context. The initial pilot was demonstrated in the Eastern Cape, Cofimvaba District, in 26 schools. The technologies demonstrated were information and communication technologies, alternative sanitation technologies, renewable energy, e-health and nutrition. 

The DST, through the CSIR Meraka Institute, is providing technical support to ensure that the benefits of the project are ongoing at all 26 schools in the Cofimvaba School District.

South African Sanitation Technology Demonstration Programme

The South African Sanitation Technology Demonstration Programme is a partnership between the DST and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to pilot various innovative and affordable sanitation technologies identified through the Bill & Melinda Gates global Reinvent the Toilet Challenge.

Spatial and Temporary Evidence for Planning in South Africa

Spatial and Temporary Evidence for Planning in South Africa (StepSA) is an initiative aimed at enhancing the national capability to profile and simulate the spatial implications of growth and development in cities and towns in support of high-impact and sustainable public investment and effective governance. The project aims to enhance South African metropolitan municipalities' access to urban modelling capability to support their infrastructure planning and investment processes.

Sustainable human settlements landscape survey

The Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Landscape Study on Sustainable Human Settlements, which began in 2016, aims to develop an STI database for the collation of information on key small and medium enterprises (SMEs), that are involved in the creation of sustainable human settlements using various STI products or practice.  The database will be used to facilitate interaction between selected SMEs and potential support organisations.

System for collecting information on DST proxy indicators

The system developed by the CSIR Modelling and Digital Science Division makes it possible for information on proxy indicators to be extracted from a variety of documents, so that it can be analysed and interpreted to measure progress in achieving the goals specified in the DST's Strategic Plan (2015-2020).

Innovative building technology

The aim of the innovative building technology initiative, which the DST is implementing through the CSIR Built Environment Division, is to use building STI to improve quality of life. The initiative is demonstrating that STI can reduce the cost of utilities (water, electricity and waste removal) to the tenant, the municipality, and the nation as a whole, while also improving the environmental quality of the housing unit, the complex and the surrounding community.  STI are being used to create sustainable human settlements in the Germiston Social Housing Project in Gauteng.

CONTACT DETAILS

Director: Sustainable Human Settlements
Tel.: 012 843 6466
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

PROGRAMME 5: SOCIO-ECONOMIC INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS

1. DIRECTORATE: INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AND SERVICES INDUSTRY

2. DIRECTORATE: SECTOR AND LOCAL INNOVATION

3. DIRECTORATE: ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGIES

4. DIRECTORATE: TECHNOLOGY LOCALISATION

DIRECTORATE: INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AND SERVICES INDUSTRY

DESCRIPTION

The Information and Communication Technology and Services Industry (ICT & SI) Unit is part of the Chief Directorate: Sector Innovation and Green Economy, which is in turn part of the Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships (SIP) Programme.

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT

The purpose of the ICT & SI Unit is to implement information and communication technology (ICT) research, development and innovation (RDI) programmes leading to broad participation by role players within National System of Innovation (NSI), and wider diffusion uptake of RDI outcomes for application and commercialization in, and by government, industry and other role players thereby contributing to the information society and knowledge economy advancement efforts for South Africa.

KEY INITIATIVES

ICT RDI Implementation Roadmap – “Digital Advantage 2023

The ICT RDI Implementation Roadmap is a 10 year investment plan to leverage advances in ICT to address socio-economic challenges, in order to create Digital Advantage by 2023 – at the level of the individual, community, industry and society. The DST, in partnership with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Meraka Institute, developed the ICT RDI Roadmap as a long-term plan for ICT RDI interventions and programmes. The main purpose of the Roadmap is to help strengthen the ICT RDI ecosystem in South Africa, facilitate a significant increase in ICT RDI investments, and provide a platform for informed decision making with respect to choices of strategic areas of focus and associated funding allocations.

The Roadmap prioritised 27 market opportunities of interest to South African ICT RDI and six main clusters were identified and these include:

  • Broadband Infrastructure and Services;
  • ICT for Development;
  • Sustainability and the Environment;
  • Industry Applications;
  • Grand Science; and
  • The Service Economy.

The implementation of the ICT RDI Roadmap will take into account the existing flagship projects coming out of the capacity building and seed funding implementation programme of the ICT RDI Strategy (2007) that started in 2007/2008 and consisted of more than twenty (20) discrete RDI projects focusing on different ICT domains including; ICT in education, geomatics, and broadband connectivity.

Information Security RDI Programme

Information security has been identified by the DST as one of the key ICT domains requiring a focussed attention in order to build and strengthen South Africa’s capability and competence. As part of the recently developed ICT RDI Implementation Roadmap, ‘Trust and Security’ has been identified as one of the 27 market opportunities prioritized. The Information Security R&D and Innovation Programme managed and implemented by the CSIR Modelling and Digital Science (MDS) unit aims to strengthen this market opportunity through human capital development, technology development and innovation. In this respect, the DST is funding a dedicated HCD programme hosted at the CSIR MDS. The HCD programme, amongst other objectives, seeks to develop ties with tertiary institutions in order to direct research at post graduate level in areas of immediate need and impact.

ICT MNCC Programme

CSIR Meraka Institute has been delegated by the DST to establish a ICT Multi-national Company Cooperation (MNCC) Project Management Office (PMO) to support the cooperation between DST and multinational ICT companies, in order to strengthen the National R&D Strategy (NRDS) and ICT RDI Strategy (2007) objectives, especially with regard to:

  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in ICT RDI;
  • Industry investment in ICT RDI;
  • Human Capital Development in high-end ICT skills (Masters and PhD degrees);
  • Innovation chain, as measured in generating and exploiting intellectual property (IP) for the benefit of South Africa;
  • Providing specialised skills and capabilities to South Africa, that is otherwise not available locally.

Current efforts include cooperation with SAP, Microsoft and Nokia. The MNCC PMO is also responsible for monitoring Africa and International RDI co-operations.

IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES

CSIR Meraka Institute; and

CSIR Modelling & Digital Science Unit.

DST CONTACT PERSON

Mr Peacemaker Dlamini

Directorate: ICT & Services Industry.

Landline: +27(0)12 843-6539

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

READ FURTHER

National Research and Development Strategy (2002)

ICT RDI Strategy (2007)

ICT RDI Roadmap (2012)

National System of Innovation

National Intellectual Property Management Office (NIPMO)

CSIR Meraka Institute

CSIR Modelling and Digital Science Unit

Broadband4All

Wireless Mesh Network

RECENTLY IN THE PRESS

2014 Apr 10: “DST launches another wireless network”.

2014 Feb 10: “Mixed results for ICT in the Eastern Cape”.

2013 Oct 18: “Nokia offers free mobile maths service”.

2013 Sep 6: “ICT Roadmap on a budget”.

2013 May 10: “Cabinet approves ICT (RDI) Roadmap”.

2012 Dec 04: “Tech Intervention for rural schools”.

DIRECTORATE: SECTOR AND LOCAL INNOVATION

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Sector and Local Innovation falls under the Chief Directorate: Sector Innovation and Green Economy of Programme 5: Socio-ecoonmic Innovation Partnerships.

The purpose of the Directorate: Sector and Local Innovation is to strengthen the National System of Innovation so as to enhance economic growth, primarily by ‑

  • forming partnerships with particular industrial sectors that are designed to increase their participation in the research, development and innovation (RDI) value chain;
  • coordinating and facilitating local innovation interventions.

This is achieved through –

  • facilitating and supporting multi-helix innovation partnerships and platforms at local or regional level;
  • supporting processes to design and develop approaches to sector innovation planning;
  • enhancing the competiveness of strategic sectors through high-impact science, technology and innovationinterventions, such as innovation programmes.

KEY INITIATIVES

Building local innovation systems

The Directorate: Sector and Local Innovation supports and facilitates the development of regional innovation forums, which are intended to –

  • provide networking opportunities for small and medium enterprises to participate meaningfully in the emerging knowledge and information-driven global economy by fostering collaboration with knowledge generators and experts;
  • promote innovation within a defined region within a province, using existing provincial and local government structures, institutions and other support structures as implementation agents;
  • act as communities of practice for national RDI projects with a local footprint;
  • inform provincial and national innovation policies from the bottom-up;
  • initiate the management and leveraging of funding for evidence-based studies to identify gaps in the system.

It is envisaged that future activities will include developing mechanisms to include marginalised or informal sectors of communities in the regional innovation forums, where appropriate.

Development of national science parks

Science and technology parks are important innovation support mechanisms through which to grow and support the National System of Innovation. If developed appropriately, taking local conditions into account, they could be useful implementation platforms for hosting and supporting innovation programmes. Such programmes foster collaborative innovation as a core philosophy and ultimately have a positive socio-economic effect.

The activities of the Department of Science and Technology (DST) in this area include creating awareness and providing grant support and funding for accelerating science park development (primarily for professional fees and disbursements for feasibility studies, business plans, etc., and capacity building at a local level).

Industry Innovation Partnership initiative

The DST established an Industry Innovation Partnership (IIP) initiative in 2013 and to date has allocated R500 million for the implementation of the programme. The main objective of the IIP initiative is to create an environment in which government can effectively partner with industry to co-fund RDI in key strategic sectors of the economy. The DST is encouraging the IIP as part of a broader government effort to support industry competitiveness. A vital performance measure for the IIP initiative will be the amount of funding an industry sector contributes to the identified RDI programmes or priorities, to match government (DST) funding.

Initiatives supported through the IIP include activities in nano-additive processing, commercialising photonics-based products and bio-manufacturing. A significant portion of the IIP funding is also directed towards the development and expansion of the satellite and titanium industries, as well as growing the information and communication technology (ICT) industry partnerships within the context of the Cabinet-approved ICT RDI Implementation Roadmap http://www.dst.gov.za/images/ict_rdi_roadmap.pdf, focusing initially on strengthening and growing the existing partnerships with multinational ICT companies, and creating new ones with local ICT industries.

Sector-specific innovation funds

In addition, the DST approved the establishment of the Sector-specific Innovation Fund Programme in May 2013 as part of the broader IIP initiative. The programme's main objective is to provide a mechanism through which government and industry can co-invest in industry-wide RDI priorities identified by industry and that support economic outcomes such as modernisation, competitiveness and job creation. It also aims to build stronger links between industry and the public science system. The Sector-specific Innovation Fund Programme focuses on improving the competitiveness of existing sectors of the South African economy. It is designed to allow the particular industry to determine its RDI needs. Industry will also be closely involved in monitoring the research and ensuring it meets identified requirements.

IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES

Regional innovation forums and partnerships

Government agencies

Industry sector bodies/Not-for-profit companies

CONTACT PERSON

Ms Sunita Kalan

Director: Sector and Local Innovation

+27 (0)12 843 6443

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

RELEVANT PRESS RELEASES

Launch of East London Science and Technology Park (21 August 2014)

http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/east-london-science-park-to-drive-economic-growth-2014-08-21

Launch of the Free State Regional Innovation Forum (9 May 2013)

http://www.bloemfonteincourant.co.za/article/1172/Regional-Innovation-Forum-launched

Launch of the Stellenbosch Innovation District (26 October 2012)

http://blogs.sun.ac.za/news/2012/11/01/su-and-partners-launch-stellenbosch-innovation-district-project/

Launch of the Southern Gauteng Science and Technology Park (4 June 2012)

http://govza.gcis.gov.za/node/476803

Launch of Eastern Cape's Regional Innovation Forum (3 March 2011)

http://www.innovationeasterncape.co.za/releases/2011_01.php

FURTHER READING

Enhancing innovation in South Africa: the Co-operative Financial Institute of South Africa (COFISA) experience http://www.innovationeasterncape.co.za/download/cofisa_enhancing_innovation.pdf

Report on the limited scope feasibility study for the establishment of an East London Industrial Development ZoneSciencePark http://www.innovationeasterncape.co.za/download/cofisa_elidz_2008.pdf

DIRECTORATE: ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES AND TECHNOLOGIES

DESCRIPTION

The Directorate: Environmental Services and Technologies is part of the Chief Directorate: Sector Innovation and Green Economy of Programme 5: Socio-economic Innovation Partnerships.

The purpose of the Directorate: Environmental Services and Technologies is to implement green research, development and innovation (RDI) programmes leading to broad participation by role players in the National System of Innovation and wider uptake of RDI outcomes for application and commercialisation by government, industry and other role players, thereby contributing to South Africa's efforts to advance the knowledge economy. The programmes being implemented by the Directorate: Environmental Services and Technologies are part of the efforts to address the Global Change Grand Challenge, as articulated in the Department of Science and Technology's Ten-Year Innovation Plan and Global Change Research Plan.

KEY INITIATIVES

Waste Research, Development and Innovation Roadmap

The Waste RDI Roadmap is being developed as a 10-year investment plan to leverage advances in waste management to address socio-economic challenges, in order to increase the contribution of the waste economy to the GDP. The Waste RDI Roadmap also takes the societal aspects of the waste economy into account. The Department of Science and Technology (DST), in partnership with the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Natural Resource and Environment www.csir.co.za/nre/ division, is developing the Waste RDI Roadmap www.wasteroadmap.co.za. The main purpose of the Roadmap is to help strengthen the waste RDI ecosystem in South Africa, facilitate a significant increase in waste RDI investment, and provide a platform for informed decision making in respect of choosing strategic areas of focus and associated funding allocations.

Water Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) Roadmap

The Water RDI Roadmap is envisaged to be a 10-year investment plan to leverage advances in water innovation to address South Africa's water security challenges. The Roadmap is seeking to use research and development to address the priority needs as articulated in the Department of Water Affairs National Water Resource Strategy Two http://www.dwaf.gov.za/nwrs/.The DST, in partnership with the Water Research Commission http://www.wrc.org.za/, is developing the Water RDI Roadmap. Within the Water RDI Roadmap the DST is also developing the Water Technology Demonstration Programme (WADER) http://www.wader.org.za/ in partnership with the Water Research Commission.

Green Technologies Landscape of South Africa

This study is being undertaken by the Academy of Science of South Africa http://www.assaf.co.za. The aim of the study is to review green technologies available in South Africa, identify gaps in the availability of these technologies and to make recommendations to promote the growth of green technologies in South Africa. This study is intended to benefit policymakers, researchers and industry. The output of the study will be an authoritative, peer-reviewed, evidence-based report that will be available in the public domain.

As part of the evidence gathering, a Technological Innovations for a Low Carbon Society Conference was held in Pretoria, South Africa, in August 2013.

National Designated Entity for the Climate Technology Centre and Network

The Climate Technology Centre and Network http://www.unep.org/climatechange/ctcn/(CTCN) is an operational arm of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change https://unfccc.int/2860.php.The CTCN is hosted and managed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in collaboration with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), and is supported by 11 centres of excellence located in both developed and developing countries, including the CSIR in South Africa.

The DST has been appointed as the National Designated Entity (NDE) for the CTCN in South Africa. Dr Henry Roman is the designated contact point, and  the NDE is located in the DST.

DST CONTACT PERSON

Dr Henry Roman

Director: Environmental Services and Technologies

012 843 6434

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

RELEVANT PRESS RELEASES

23 August 2013: Food waste costs SA R61,5-billion a year

FURTHER READING

National Climate Change Response Strategy

The state of non-revenue water in South Africa

National Waste Management Strategy

DIRECTORATE: TECHNOLOGY LOCALISATION

DESCRIPTION
Technology Localisation Directorate is part of the Chief Directorate: Technology Localisation, Advanced Manufacturing and Beneficiation of Programme 5: Socio-Economic Innovation Partnerships. The Directorate is managing two major intervention programmes in support of industrial development, namely: Technology Localisation Implementation Unit and Technology Stations Programme.

KEY INITIATIVES
Technology Localisation Programme (TLP)
TLP was conceptualised and established by the DST in order to provide technological assistance to local firms in an effort to increase their competitiveness and to help ensure that greater use is made of local production and services, specifically in the instances where government, or its State Owned Companies (SOCs) are procuring (capital or operational) goods.

The programme is implemented by the Technology Localisation Implementation Unit (TLIU) hosted at the CSIR

Aim:

•    Increase capability & competitiveness of local firms, to enable participation in acquisition programmes of State Owned Companies (SOCs)
•     Utilise local procurement as a lever to improve local market access, leading to increased export
•    Retain and expand job creation

Technology Stations Programme
The TSP, hosted by the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) is a broad based instrument, based on the German Steinbeis model, whereby knowledge at Universities/Universities of Technology are leveraged to provide support to the industry, whilst at the same time the exposure to industry problem solving is fed back into the curriculum, resulting in better educated and more employable students

The TSP is a network of 18 Technology Stations which includes 3 Institutes of Advanced Tooling (IATs) that are hosted by Higher Education Institutions (HEIs), in particular the Universities of Technology (UoTs). The TSP is used as an instrument to provide technology support, infrastructure and services to local enterprises with a primary focus on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with the aim of improving their level of competitiveness.

The type of technology support and expertise provided to SMEs includes: -

•    Product design and simulations.
•    Product and process development and improvements.
•    Product analytical enhancement for shelf-life improvements, quality and compliance.
•    Tooling and moulds design and advanced manufacturing techniques.
•    Tailor-made training and technology demonstrations
 
IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES

TIA Technology Station Programme 
 
Technology Station Brochure download
 
Technology Station Contact Details view

CSIR Technology Localisation Implementation Unit http://www.tliu.co.za

DST CONTACT PERSON
Ms. Mmamose Seloane
Director: Technology Localisation
012 843 6411
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Subcategories

Switchboard: +27 12 843 6300
DST Building (Building No. 53)
(CSIR South Gate Entrance)  
Meiring Naudé Road,
Brummeria  
Private Bag X894
Pretoria
South Africa

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